NZ Commerce & Economics Teachers Association


The attached document appears in the updated Teaching and Learning Guide. It gives teachers good advice about how to unpack command words such as explain and fully explain.



Command words (academic language) of Business Studies. The following document is for teacher use. Use the tick box table to identify the relevant level (such as Level 1). Then, omit the irrelevant words/definitions from the Student Use document before giving it to students.

The next document is for student use (with modification as explained above). You may wish to slice up the items, muddle them all up, place in an envelope and have students (perhaps in pairs) match the command with its definition.
Students can also refer to the page for guidance when working through the Cake powerpoint.


These tarsia documents were created by Keegan Black from Rangitoto College

Thanks to Craig Morrison of St Peters School for the following case study


Jennie England from Waiheke High School created the following revision guide for 2.3

Thanks to Craig Morrison of St Peters School for the following resources.


Scroll to the bottom of this page for a full set of resources for the L3 externals in Word and/or Powerpoint format.

Vaughan Wilson a Year 13 student from Otumoetai College created this Powerpoint for revision of Intellectual Property in 3.1. thanks, Vaughan.

Pre-service Business teacher Sosia Jiang created this Investment Appraisal activity.

Hillary Mann from Long Bay College created this substantial revision guide. Follow this link for Hillary's presentation and resources.

Thanks to Jennie England from Waiheke High School for this L3 case study booklet

This powerpoint on Investment Appraisal was created by Chris Bell of Kerikeri High School

More case studies created by Craig Morrison of St Peters School

Dorena Deo of Westmount school prepared the following writing/thinking frame for 3.3


Matrix of Business Studies standards

Curriculum Guide (previously called Teaching & Learning Guide)
BST Curriculum Guide

Starting Point for all QA and TKI (Ministry) links for Business Studies
Business Studies portal

Academic Language of Business Studies. This document indicates the instructional words found in the achievement standards. Further information about these appears on the Commerce tab of this wiki.

Chocolate Cake ~ an introduction to academic language/command words. Use once students have been issued with the Academic Language document.

Business Studies links to the NZC Values

This document presents a thematic approach to teaching Business Studies at the three levels.

Unpacking the .6 "carry out" internals

Presentation by Glenn Hutcheson, Taradale High School, to the SocCon 2013 conference -
Options for combined Economics-Business Studies course Level 1 and Level 2

Presentation by Sue McVeigh, Team Solutions, to the SocCon 2013 conference

The Asia:NZ Foundation website has NCEA teaching and learning resources in a number of subject areas to encourage the use of Asian contexts in teaching and learning. These resources are all aligned to the NZC. The Level 1 Business Studies resource provides a comprehensive coverage of the Marketing Mix focussing on exporting to Asia. There are 21 sections so make sure you view all of them. Level 2 Business Studies is in the pipeline. The Asia in the curriculum section of the website includes some classroom activities for Level 7 and 8 of the Business Studies curriculum. It is suggested that these may also be useful as extension activities for Level 1.
Asia NZ Foundation

Unit Plans developed by the Professional Learning Community in 2011

Grateful thanks to the group of Auckland teachers who created the following unit plans for sharing.

Maori Business Concepts

Presentation prepared for pre-service teachers of Business Studies, 2013

Good case study of Maori business.

Also loads of other media coverage of Hapene here:

Thanks to Kylie Wissel for compiling this booklet ready for use in classrooms. It is ideal for Level 2 where students need to be familiar with all of five of the Maori concepts for the external papers. Note that when Kylie produced this booklet Putake had not be flagged in the Curriculum Guide as one of the concepts so treatment in the booklet is light. Further information about Putake appears further down this page under Level 3 Resources.

Pumanawa: Celebrating Maori in Business ~ this Maori TV series started on Monday 25 March. Episodes can be viewed online.
Pumanawa episodes

Powerpoint about Maori business concepts. Thanks to Steve Aldhamland from Christchurch for creating this.

Link to Poutama Trust
Poutama Trust

Online Communities

Hillary Mann of Longbay College has created a Google Group for teachers of Business Studies to converse and share. People will need to sign in to Google (ie gmail, google docs) and then be able to request to join the group. Any problems, they can email Hillary at and she will invite you to join.
Business Google Group

Another important online community for Business Studies teachers is the Facebook page ~ NCEA Business Studies teachers. Many teachers don't do Facebook and don't wish to. Their choice, of course, but it is an opportunity to benefit from the discussion and the sharing of teachers' files and ideas. You might already have a personal profile on Facebook that is attached to your personal email address. For the purpose of this group you might wish to create a completely blank profile attached to another email, with no photos and no friends. That way, postings on your personal page do not show up on the Business Studies page, and vice versa. You can join the group by logging on, doing a search for NCEA Business Studies Teachers and sending a friend request; alternatively, email Sue McVeigh who can invite you to join.

Not a community perhaps, but NZQA is also on Facebook. Search for NZQA Business Studies and click on "like" to be notified of updates such as clarification documents.

Resource Ideas

This document was prepared late last year. It will be updated within a few weeks but is being shared with you in the meantime. The resource links have been arranged in the six matrix strands (seven at Level 3, the extra being Exporting Potential) but no attempt has been made to distinguish between curriculum levels.
Please consider sending through your own resource ideas.

And in Word format

Gumption, created by Mark Snoad of Ormiston Senior College
Gumption board game

Marketing Mix using Gumption, with marking notes by Mary Kerrigan, plus an assessment schedule for 1.4.


Level 1 Business Studies

Level 1 resources and Conditions of Assessment on TKI
L1 resources at TKI

Clarification Documents. These have been written by the National Moderator and give teachers guidance as to the requirements for the internals.

Specifications ~ these give information about the nature and format of the three externals.
Note the information about Maori concepts:
A specific Māori concept relating to business, Rangatiratanga, will be examined in 2013. The overarching principals and concepts of Rangatiratanga are exercise of leadership, authority, guardianship and ownership rights – particularly focused on resource production, utilisation and management for current and future requirements. This includes strategic development and oversight, relationship development and maintenance, problem-solving, conflict resolution and peace-making, adaptation, risk analysis and management. See the Māori Culture and values in business section of the Teaching and Learning Guidelines for Business Studies.

Level 2 Business Studies

Level 2 resources and Conditions of Assessment on TKI
L2 resources at TKI

Clarification Documents. These have been written by the National Moderator and give teachers guidance as to the requirements for the internals.

Māori concepts that relate to business may be assessed. Where this occurs, candidates will be given a definition or explanation of the term in the examination paper, and they will be required to apply or explain the concept in relation to a specific business context.

Level 3 Business Studies

Unpacking an exemplar to show the structure required in a L3 external - 3.2

Checklists and feedback sheets for 3.2

Comprehensive teacher feedback - for first formal practice question

On-going feedback (practice questions) - self / peer assessment

Formative assessment feedback - practice exams

Level 3 resources and Conditions of Assessment on TKI
L3 resources at TKI

Clarifications (not yet available for 91385 Export Potential)
Clarifications 3.4, 3.5, 3.6

A specific Māori concept relating to business, Pūtake, will be examined in 2013. Pūtake: The origin or reason for being – Every business has a reason for being. Many Māori businesses exist for the same reason as other businesses; that is, they are there to provide goods or services at a
profit and to enrich the business owner(s). A significant number, however, have very different reasons for being – reasons that are associated with collectively-owned resources (such as land, tribal estates) and / or whakapapa-based groupings, such as whānau, hapū and iwi. Such businesses can encounter legal, cultural, and business complexities that are not experienced by mainstream businesses.
Further guidance can be found in the Māori Culture and values in business section of the Teaching and Learning Guidelines for Business Studies.

Teaching Notes/Presentations for Level 3 externals
The following documents and presentations have been prepared to assist teachers deliver the "content" of the L3 externals. While they are in a "ready to go" format (photocopiable Word notes or PPT presentations) they will not suit all classes in all schools. Teachers MUST modify the notes to suit their classes. For example, the notes may be too wordy.
These represent Sue McVeigh's interpretation of the L3 topics and sub-topics from the Curriculum Guide; there is no guarantee that Sue's interpretation is 100% accurate. The idea in creating these was to save teachers time so they may put their energies into creating teaching and learning ACTIVITIES, and locating relevant case studies, to bring the "content" to life.

AS 91379 (3.1) Demonstrate understanding of how internal factors interact within a business that operates within a global context.

AS 91380 (3.2) Demonstrate understanding of strategic response to external factors by a business that operates in a global context.

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AS 91381 (3.3) Apply business knowledge to address a complex problem(s) in a given global business context.